Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Examples of biotechnology, there are traditional applications such as making bread, cheese, wine and beer, as well as modern applications such as cell culture, genetically modified foods and the cloning of plants and animals.

Genetic engineering
Word (s) like (s): genetic modification, recombinant DNA technology.

Technique of removing, modifying or adding genes to a DNA molecule of [an agency] so as to change the information it contains.

By changing this information, genetic engineering changes the type or amount of proteins an organism is able to produce and allows it to create new substances or to provide new functions.

The aim of genetic engineering is to produce desired characteristics and to eliminate those that are undesirable.

Among the desirable characteristics sought for plants, we can cite as examples the rapid growth, resistance to pests and greater size.

Modified organisms through genetic engineering are sometimes called transgenic organisms, genetically modified or derived from biotechnology.

Recombinant DNA technology.

Laboratory manipulation of DNA in which DNA, or DNA fragments from different sources, are cut and recombined using enzymes.

This recombinant DNA is then inserted into a living organism. The recombinant DNA technology is often used synonymously with genetic engineering. With this technique, researchers can study the characteristics and actions of specific genes.

A body manipulated by recombinant DNA techniques is known as genetically modified organism (GMO).


Set of genetically identical, from the asexual reproduction of a single ancestral organism. Cloning refers to the fact generate identical copies of cells and segments of DNA.


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